ARSENAL Automated Ballistics Identification System

On offer: ARSENAL-4.7

Automated Ballistic Identification System (ABIS):
— electronic bullet and cartridge case repositories of unlimited size
— automated record keeping of registered firearms
— automated trace examination of bullets, cartridge cases and fragments
— identification of firearms by marks on fired bullets and shells
— interregional firearm data exchange




Building of large-scale centralized or multi-level firearms identification systems based on the marks on bullets / cartridge cases:

  • Automation of record keeping of all categories of firearms subject to test firing:
    • service and civilian firearms with rifled barrels
    • combat firearms used by internal affairs agencies, internal military forces, educational institutions and research institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
    • seized, voluntarily surrendered and found firearms, as well as:
    • any smoothbore firearm
    • non-lethal firearms
  • Automation of record keeping of objects involved in criminal cases (bullets, cartridge cases, projectiles, fragments) fired from unidentified firearms
  • Automation of ballistic trace examination:
    • identification of objects fired from the same firearm
    • solution and consolidation of  firearm-related crimes
    • determination of individual features, degree of wear and condition of the barrel by marks on the lateral surface of the bullet
    • determination of the shape, size, relative position of the mark-forming mechanisms of a firearm and peculiarities of their functioning by marks on the cartridge case.


  • Work with: bullets and cartridge cases fired from rifled firearms (including fragments of bullet jackets); bullets, cartridge cases and projectiles (pellets, grapeshots) fired from smoothbore firearms; cartridge cases fired from non-lethal firearms
    • formation of database arrays (test-fired objects and evidence objects divided by their types)
    • division of test-fired objects by types of firearm registration (combat, service firearm, etc.)
    • input of exhaustive administrative, forensic and technical information for each database object (circumstances of registration, object and firearm specifications)
    • Imaging of object surfaces with gunshot marks (input device – PAPILLON BS surface scanner):
      • 2D gray-scale image: 65,536 shades of gray, 3 µm/pixel resolution
      • 3D surface model: resolution of 10 µm/pixel on all axes
  • Automatic processing of surface images and determination of:
    • for bullets: traces of driven and driving rifling edges
    • for cartridge cases: firing pin impressions and breechface marks
  • Interactive outlining on surface images:
    • for bullets and bullet fragments: skid marks, land and groove impressions
    • for cartridge cases: 12 types of trace marks from loading, firing and ejection
    • for projectiles fired from smoothbore guns: any number of areas with significant marks and striae
  • Generation of profiles and 3D images
  • Automatic searches with creation of candidate lists
  • Comprehensive functionality for operation with databases and candidate lists, statistical analysis, report generation and information printing
  • Visual analysis and comparative examinations of 2D and 3D images of surfaces and significant areas
  • Transfer of any ABIS database images into the PAPILLON RASTR system to prepare illustrations and charts for examination reports and worksheets
  • Import/export of database objects (Papillon format) and remote access to the database via communication lines that support IP connection
  • Work with arbitrary forensic objects:
    • Surface scanning of cylindrical objects
    • Scanning and trace examination of burglary tools, instruments and other objects



As a forensic expert workstation:

As a mobile complex:



Composition of the database object record

Each database record contains associated with the object exhaustive alphanumeric information (administrative, forensic and technical) and images with encoded areas of significance:

  • bullet: image of the side surface
  • fragmented bullet: images of surface areas containing significant striae and marks
  • cartridge case:
    • 1-9 images of the cartridge case head scanned with different types of illumination
    • image of the cartridge case side
  • smooth-bore firearm projectile: images of surface areas with gunshot marks


Data sources

Import/export formats

  • Papillon format


WSQ image compression without any noticeable loss of quality

Operating system


  • RHEL6x (32/64 bit)
  • CentOS 7x (64 bit)


  • RHEL 6x (32 bit)
  • Rosa Cobalt



Components and database:

  • Operator workstation (OW) – desktop application (thick client)
  • Server with FireBird DBMS
  • Matchers – processing and search server modules
  • Data repository – data storage and backup server


Minimal configuration:

Single-machine complex provides all the basic functions of ARSENAL. It can operate autonomously, or be a part of a network, or can be used as a remote station in higher-level systems.

Subject to licensing:

  • Operator workstations (the number of operators is not limited, the limit applies to the number of simultaneous sessions)
  • Matchers (limitation on the number of processor cores in use – one matcher per core)

The server that contains database is not subject to licensing. Database size has no limitations.

Contact our managers for further details.






  • ARSENAL efficiency and effectiveness is proven by its practical operation in the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs and forensic agencies of over 20 countries
  • Flexible and scalable architecture
  • Integration with PAPILLON InfoPGT – a system of automated record keeping of specimens of fired bullets and cartridge cases in accordance with the requirements of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs
  • Ability to work with objects fired from different types of firearms:
    • rifled
    • smoothbore
    • non-lethal
  • Plug-in module of picklists and reference books (design features and elements of over 1,000 of the most common models of firearms, ammunition, and their versions from various manufacturers):
    • unified description of objects
    • time saving for experts
  • Device for safe acquisition of fired samples of bullets/projectiles when registering smoothbore guns:
    • preservation of the specimen
    • obtaining a real picture of the marks caused by the bore
  • PAPILLON BS universal surface scanner:
    • one device for scanning surfaces of all types of ABIS database objects
      • bullet and cartridge case sides
      • cartridge case heads
      • marks on fragmented bullets
      • marks on projectiles fired from shotguns
    • no limitations on the size and degree of deformation of objects:
      • diameter of a bullet, cartridge case, or arbitrary object : 1 to 22 mm
      • side surface height: not limited by the device dimensions (e.g. cartridge cases for smoothbore hunting rifles)
      • surface deformation: up to 7 mm
    • easy placing and positioning of objects
    • various modes of object illumination
    • special holder for continuous scanning of 10 cartridge case heads
    • universal device for scanning smoothbore firearm projectiles
    • automatic calculation of light intensity adjusted for:
      • external conditions
      • reflective and diffusing capacity of the object material
    • high speed and quality of scanning
    • no requirements to the scanning operator qualification
    • possibility to use the scanner as a part of mobile ABIS workstations
  • Sectored lighting for scanning cartidge case heads:
    • complete shadow pattern of the surface
    • high level of informativity of marks on firing pin impressions, breechface and ejector marks
    • reduced visibility of technological marks
    • improved effectiveness of automatic comparisons of breechface marks for some types of firearms (TT, Glock)
  • Layer-by-layer scanning of surfaces to the full depth of deformation:
    • automatic relocation of the optical system to scan a new layer
    • automatic generation of a high-quality, evenly sharp image (combining the best areas from all layers)
    • no “splicing” artifacts
    • accurate reproduction of the mark pattern on any part of the surface
    • obtaining spatial (3D) information about the surface relief
  • Highly accurate PAPILLON algorithms for image recognition and comparison using complex (2D + 3D) surface information
  • Automatic and semi-automatic modes of marks encoding
  • Extensive capabilities for visual analysis and comparative examinations at any stage of object handling (scanned images, encoded images, database images):
    • 3D surface models
    • overlaying of pseudocolor on the image
    • surface profiles and measurment of depths of the relief at any point
    • superimposition of 2D and 3D images in two- and multi-window modes (up to six windows)
    • overlaying of images with adjustable transparency
    • reconstruction of a complete bullet surface image based on the available fragments
  • Special features for convenient work with candidate lists